Active Directory References to Learn and Grow..!!!!!

Active Directory:
My TechNet WIKI :Biswajit Biswas
A Guide to Active Directory Replication: Must Read


Rich Peckham’s Technical Blog

joeware – never stop exploring… :

Ask the Directory Services Team:

jorgequestforknowledge :

The things that are better left unspoken :

Florian’s Blog :

Santhosh Sivarajan’s Blog :

Paul Bergson (MVP – Directory Services):

AD and Exchange Quantum Singularity  :

Open a Socket!

Directory Services/Active Directory Ulf B. Simon-Weidner’s Blog :

Exchange Team Blog

Tomek’s DS World


AD Shot Gyan

MWeber’s Blog:

Michael’s meanderings… :

Matt Hester’s WebLog :

Ask the Core Team :

Ask the Performance Team Blog

Awinish’s Technical Blog :

Sandesh Dubey Blog:


Group Policy:



Domain controller Having Null IP address:

When you do nslookup of your domain controller and if it resolves for 2 IP address and one IP address is like null value like if you try to delete the IP address manually also the entry will recreate in DNS.  Kindly follow the below steps to resolve this issue
> server1
Server:  localhost
Name:   server1
Addresses:, 10.x.x.x
1. Go to DNSmgmt.msc –> Properties –> Interfaces
Here only the following Ip address should be checked and in the IP address box the server correct IP should configured. If you see 2 IP address configured in the Interface console apart from original server Ip address means remove it and restart the server.

Windows 2008 Server AD features

New Features in 2008 Active Directory:

1.RODC (Read only Domain Controller)
2.AD Recycle Bin
3.PowerShell AD
4.Offline Domain Join
5.Active Directory Best Practices Analyzer
6.ADS Service available as restartable

Windows Clustering

Clustering Types:

  •  Server Cluster
  • Network Loadbalancing

Server Cluster: A Server Cluster is a collection of independent servers that together provide a single highly available platform for hosting application.
Network Load Balancing:

  • With load balancing, a single device (a network client) sends traffic to any available node in the load-balanced group of nodes.
  • Load balancing uses heartbeat traffic as well but, in this case, when a node comes offline, the “load” is recalculated among the remaining nodes in the group.

Cluster requirements:

  1. Two Servers with Same configuration
  2. Two network cards in each server
  3. SAN storage
  4. SAN Switch
  5. Windows server 2003 Enterprise or Data center edition OS

Clustering in Windows:

  • Windows NT 4.0 Enterprise Edition supported 2 Node cluster
  • Windows 2000 Data canter Server supported up to 4 Node cluster
  • In Windows 2003 Enterprise & Data center editions supports up to 8 node Clustering.
  • In Windows 2003 Enterprise & Data center editions Supports up to 32 node in Network balancing.
  • In Windows 2008 Enterprise & Data center editions supports up to 16 node Clustering.

Benifits of Clustering:


Quorum Types:

Standard Quorum :
Each member connects to the shared storage via some type of interconnect (e.g. SCSI or Fiber Channel).

Majority Node Set Quorum: A MNS quorum is a single quorum resource from an Server cluster perspective. The data is actually stored by default on the system disk of each member of the cluster.

Failover & Failback:

  1. Failover is the act of another server in the cluster group taking over where the failed server left off.
  2. Failback is the capability of the failed server to come back online and take the load back from the node the original server failed over to

Server Clustering Types:

  • Active/Active
          Two nodes providing services to the network clients. That’s 100 percent of served resources. If one server fails, then the clients will only have one server in which to access and that would cut the percentage to 50 percent
  • Active/Passive
          Active/Passive is defined as a cluster group where one server is handling the entire load and, in case of failure and disaster, a Passive node is standing by waiting for failover.